Men's Health

Men & Cancer

Men & Cancer

We urge men and male cancer Survivors to encourage one another to invest in their health by being aware of changes in their bodies, getting screened and adopting a balanced lifestyle, in order to reduce their cancer risk or the recurrence of cancer.

South African men have a one in eight (1:8) risk of getting cancer in their lifetime. The top cancers affecting men (in SA) are prostate cancer, Kaposi sarcoma (type of skin cancer), lung and colorectal cancer.

CANSA Mens Health Infographic - 2016 Social Media.cdr

CANSA places the focus on Prostate and Testicular Cancer during its Men’s Health Awareness Campaign in June. However, it’s also important to know about other cancers affecting men such as HPV related cancers including penile and anal cancer. More than 30 to 40 types of HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) are typically transmitted through sexual contact and infect the anogenital area, which in some cases, can result in cancer. Read press release…

Contact your local CANSA Care Centre for health awareness materials and arrange for screening for Prostate or Skin Cancer, or ask about scheduled visits to provide screening via our Mobile Health Clinics, if you live in a remote area.

We provide a counselling service dedicated to providing advice to cancer Survivors. Speak to a counsellor at your local CANSA Care Centre. Phone our Toll Free Call Centre on 0800 22 6622, or email us at You can also join our Champions of Hope Facebook Group for cancer Survivors & chat to peers who are facing similar challenges.

Find info re male cancers below…

Slide Show Men’s Health

Download pdf:  English | Afrikaans

Prostate Cancer:

The lifetime risk for Prostate Cancer in men in South Africa, is 1 in 19, according to the 2012 National Cancer Registry.

Men need to go for simple screening tests to detect Prostate Cancer (see guidelines below). Screening results in early detection, enabling more effective treatment and a better chance of recovery:

  • Routine Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing, annually, from age 40 for all men at high risk of prostate cancer. This includes those men with more than one first-degree relative who had prostate cancer at an early age (younger than 65 years)
  • Routine Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing, annually, as from age 45 for all males who are at risk of prostate cancer. This includes men who have a first-degree relative (father, brother, or son) diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age (younger than 65 years)
  • Routine Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing, at least once every two (2) years, for all males from age 50

Mobile Health Clinic 2 postReduce Risk Through Screening:

Although most enlargements of the prostate are not cancerous, regular screening is essential.

P-Ball ‘Game’ 

Be a master blaster with CANSA’s P-ball!

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test

Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by both cancerous (malignant) and non-cancerous (benign) prostate tissue. High PSA levels may indicate inflammation of the prostate or even cancer.

A blood test or finger prick test can establish if PSA levels are raised. PSA tests are available at most CANSA Care Centres across the country and via CANSA’s Mobile Health Clinics and Hollard MANVan.

Digitial Rectal Exam

Men aged 50 (40 – 45 for those at high risk, such as men with a family history of Prostate Cancer) should be examined annually.

A doctor examines the prostate through the rectum to check for any prostate lumps or abnormalities.

Learn more about Prostate Cancer, symptoms, screening and reducing risk:

Testicular Cancer:

2014 Mens HealthTesticular - ...

How to do a Testicular Self-Examination… – source self exam graphic:

The lifetime risk for Testicular Cancer in men in South Africa, is 1 in 1 050, according to the 2012 National Cancer Registry.

Most Testicular Cancers can be detected early – a lump or swelling may be the first sign that a medical practitioner should be consulted.

Reduce Risk Through Self-Examination

It’s important for young men to start testicular self-examinations soon after puberty.

Men from the age 15 to 39 years need to examine their testicles each month, preferably after a bath or shower, to feel for any pea-sized lumps that could indicate Testicular Cancer.

Learn more about Testicular Cancer, symptoms, screening, self-examination and reducing risk:

Testi-monials to Encourage Men to Talk Balls – for their Health

Testi-monials, a campaign created by FCB Cape Town for CANSA which is setting out to remove the awkwardness around talking about testicular cancer, and drive awareness about how important it is that men not only talk balls but take care of them too.

The campaign features testicles giving their own testi-monials about cancer and how they have been personally affected. They will give advice on how to self-examine and help detect signs and symptoms. Read more…

Testi-monials will live on where people can ask the campaign’s testi-ambassador their health related questions, including:

  • How is testicular cancer diagnosed?
  • What are the treatments for testicular cancer?
  • What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?
  • And many other pertinent questions relating to testicular cancer…

The testi-ambassador will give it to you straight, so there’s no need to beat around the bush.

Back to Normal – Award winning ‘Boys’ back in new campaign for CANSA:

In June 2016 the CANSA Testi-monial video won a Silver Cannes Lions Award and in August, the video won three local Loerie Awards. The Loeries are awards granted locally for local advertising excellence in South Africa.

Loeries were awarded in the following categories:

  • Gold Loerie: Digital & Interactive – Social Media
  • Craft Gold Loerie: Digital Crafts – Animation
  • Silver Loerie: Digital & Interactive – Microsite

Other Cancers Affecting Men & Related Issues:

Read Buddies for Life online lifestyle publication, “Oncology Buddies” for cancer Survivors.

How Men Can Reduce their Cancer Risk:

  • Tips for Men’s Health
  • Consult your doctor for advice on specific cancer screening tests relevant to your age, medical and family history.

DAREdevil in 2017

The runs involve brave men running in a speedo to raise awareness about cancers affecting men. Runs took place on 24 March 2017 in Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg and Mbombela.

Details at

Press Releases:

We dare YOU to take part:

Movember 2016 – ‘Stop Men Dying too Young’:

This is the 8th year that CANSA is partnering with Movember in November. We encourage YOU to grow a moustache in lieu of wearing a ribbon and to raise awareness regarding prostate and testicular cancer.


Has Cancer Touched Your Life?

Cancer affects one in four South Africans, through diagnosis of family, friends, colleagues or self.

We want you to know that you are not alone and that we would like to support you and your loved ones, regardless of how cancer has touched your life.

Find info & online resources to help you fight cancer and please read more about CANSA’s Holistic Care & Support which is offered at our CANSA Care Centres countrywide.


Do you have a question?